In Seoul, Korea, there are five palaces from the Joseon Dynasty. This is called the five great palaces in Seoul, and among them, Gyeongbokgung Palace was called Beopgung Palace, which means that the king actually lives and does political affairs.

Gyeongbokgung Palace is located in the center of northern Seoul. It is a must-visit tourist attraction for foreign tourists visiting Seoul because it is possible to visit Seoul on foot.

Gyeongbokgung Palace was built in 1395 by King Taejo Lee Seong-gye as the new royal palace of the Joseon Dynasty. Gyeongbokgung Palace was also called "Bukgung Palace" because it was located north of Donggung Palace (Changdeokgung Palace) or Seogung Palace (Gyeonghuigung Palace).

Gyeongbokgung Palace boasts the best scale and architectural beauty among the five major palaces. The kings who held the enthronement ceremony in Geunjeongjeon Hall of Gyeongbokgung Palace include the 2nd King Jeongjong, the 4th King Sejong, the 6th King Danjong, the 7th King Sejo, the 9th King Seongjong, the 11th King Jungjong, and the 13th King Myeongjong.

Gyeongbokgung Palace suffered the burning of many buildings during the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, and during the reign of King Gojong, 7,700 buildings were rebuilt under the leadership of Heungseon Daewongun. However, with the fall of the dynasty, Gyeongbokgung Palace also lost its function as a royal palace with the fall of the Empress Myeongseong Sihae Incident again.

In Gyeongbokgung Palace, the ponds of Gyeonghoeru Pavilion and Hyangwonjeong Pavilion, which are representative buildings of the Joseon Dynasty, remain in their original form, and the wooden poles and sculptures of Geunjeongjeon Hall represent the sculptural art of the time. Currently, the National Palace Museum is located on the west side outside Heungnyemun Gate, and the National Folk Museum is located on the east side of Hyangwonjeong Pavilion in Gyeongbokgung Palace.

In Gyeongbokgung Palace, events are held where you can experience various aspects of the palace. First of all, there is a ceremony to replace the gatekeepers, which is an event that reproduces the shift of the duty of the military officers belonging to the gatekeepers' office in the Joseon Dynasty.

During the annual court culture festival hosted by the Cultural Heritage Administration, various court music plays and cultural events are held along with the night opening. Some halls, which used to restrict viewing, are also open with pre-population.

Enjoy this post?

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post