Suwon Hwaseong Fortress was built about 350 years ago when King Jeongjo, the 22nd king of the Joseon Dynasty, was crowned as the crown prince, but his father Sado, who failed to ascend the throne due to party strife, was enshrined at Baebongsan Mountain in Yangju to Suwon Hwaseong, the best place in Joseon.

Suwon Hwaseong Fortress was built as a political center with great political aspirations for the eradication of partisan politics and the realization of strong royal politics by party strife, and was used as a defense fortress in the south of the capital.

A fortress building in Suwon built during the reign of King Jeongjo of the Joseon Dynasty. It is a planned city created under careful pre-planning, and was also registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in December 1997.

Today's Suwon Hwaseong Fortress has partially restored natural disasters and destroyed during the Korean War. Originally, the building listed on UNESCO was supposed to be the original building, but Suwon Hwaseong Fortress was not in accordance with these rules after extensive restoration in the 70s.

However, it was exceptionally registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of being able to restore it close to its original form thanks to the Hwaseong Fortress, which had thoroughly left drawings and contents in paintings and writings while planning Suwon Hwaseong Fortress during the Joseon Dynasty.

The biggest reason why King Jeongjo built Hwaseong Fortress was to create his ideal city. In a way, it is similar to why Louis XIV built the Palace of Versailles. In order to create a city he dreamed of, King Jeongjo thoroughly planned and practiced with each other by discussing with his ministers, and it was this Hwaseong Fortress that showed sophisticated stone construction techniques.

King Jeongjo has been a regular subject of Korean historical dramas because of his unusual life. His father, Crown Prince Sado, was killed by his biological father, King Yeongjo, and King Jeongjo also went through countless assassination attempts before becoming king.

King Jeongjo, who became king, is considered one of the most respected kings of later generations because he is good at politics enough to be called the Renaissance of the Joseon Dynasty. Unfortunately, however, he passed away at the age of 40, and after that, King Jeongjo's young son became king, the country of Joseon gradually declined.

When you go to Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon, you can see the beautiful and magnificent fortress, and you can also see the Haenggung Palace where the king stayed during his vacation.

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